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俄軍IL76空投BMD4空降戰車全過程[4P]

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發表於 2010-2-21 21:41:52 | 顯示全部樓層 |閱讀模式

俄軍IL76空投BMD4空降戰車

俄軍IL76空投BMD4空降戰車

俄軍IL76空投BMD4空降戰車

俄軍IL76空投BMD4空降戰車

    BMD-4空降戰車

  2004年9月,在莫斯科舉行的2004年陸軍國際防務展覽會上,一輛外形奇特的俄羅斯裝甲戰車吸引了眾多參觀者的目光,這就是BMD-4(也叫“瓜園”-Y)空降戰車。該車是俄羅斯KBP儀表設計局在BMD-3型履帶式空降戰車的基礎上進行現代化改進而成的,其技術性能有了較大的提升,堪稱是世界上獨一無二的新型多功能空降戰車。
   自上世紀70年代問世以來,BMD空降戰車先後發展了BMD-1、BMD-1M、BMD-2、BMD-2M、BMD-3等多種型號。但是現在在空降部隊服役的BMD戰車出現了日益老化的問題。在俄羅斯軍隊現役的BMD空降戰車中,大約有80%已至少服役了15年。1969年開始裝備部隊的BMD-1型裝甲車中有大約95%的已至少進行了一次大修。但從1990年開始服役的BMD-3型裝甲車中,只有不到7%進行過大修。
   近年,KBP儀表設計局對BMD-3型空降戰車進行了多方面的現代化改進,起初的改進型被稱為BMD-3M,後被更名為BMD-4。BMD-4採用了新型通用戰鬥模塊,是該車設計上的最大亮點。俄武器專家認為採用了新型通用戰鬥模塊後,BMD-4的威力提高了1.5倍,能夠解決空降部隊的火力支持問題。這種新型戰鬥模塊是根據BMP-3步兵戰車改進方案研制而成的輕型裝甲設備,以BMP-3步兵戰車戰鬥部為基礎,改變了鋼質隔離罩的形狀,加強了炮塔鋁裝甲,並在兩側各安裝了1套3管煙幕彈發射器。車輛炮塔採用標準化設計,重量為3.2~3.8噸,具體重量視任務類型而定。這種炮塔還裝到其他多種履帶式和輪式底盤上進行了試驗,其中包括BTR-90型8×8裝甲人員輸送車。炮塔採用新型雙穩式火控係統,由高精瞄準具、電視和熱成像目標自動跟蹤儀、數字式武器裝備穩定儀、數字式彈道計算機組成,炮手使用的高精度瞄準具採用雙向穩定,有電視和測距兩種波道,車長和炮長能在靜止或行進狀態中高效地攻擊地面和空中目標。車上配備的新型自動裝彈機既能裝短小的爆破殺傷彈,又能裝較長的制導導彈,再裝填時間4~6秒。
   BMD-4型空降戰車的主要武器為一門100毫米2A70型滑膛炮,可發射制式100毫米炮彈(爆破燃燒彈和破片殺傷彈)和9M117M1型“套索”激光制導炮射導彈。前者彈藥基數52發,其中戰鬥模塊中34發,備彈18發。後者彈藥基數8枚,戰鬥模塊中4枚,備彈4枚,射程最遠可達5500米;輔助武器為一門30毫米2A42型火炮,彈藥基數500發。此外,該車上還設有AKC-74型突擊步槍射擊孔,可掃射近距離目標。
    該車的最大公路速度可達70公裏/時,最大越野速度為45公裏/時。戰車上裝有兩個噴水式水上推進器,具有兩棲行駛能力。
   2004年3月,BMD-4型空降戰車在俄羅斯空降兵學院進行實戰演習,取得了成功。該車整體性能優越,作戰地域較廣,戰鬥能力較強,既能在海拔4000米的高山地區作戰,又能在3級海況的水面航渡,也能隨同登陸艦發起進攻,搶佔灘頭陣地,還能從軍事運輸機上傘降至敵人後方。
   新型的BMD-4空降戰車目前已進入批量生產階段,年內將開始裝備空降兵部隊。俄羅斯國防部已在2004年為首批5輛BMD-4型空降戰車提供了資金,首批車計劃于今年交付俄羅斯空降部隊。俄羅斯國防部採購BMD-4的舉動,能夠鼓勵國外用戶來採購俄輕型裝甲車。BMD-4上裝備的通用戰鬥模塊、晝夜火控係統和裝彈器都能用于改進型BMP-3或步兵機動火力支援車上。
發表於 2010-8-8 19:54:26 | 顯示全部樓層
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